hoyupu (SG)/hoyuppa (PL)

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Historically, the verb ho-yup-u ‘run.SG’ contains a decreasing lexical prefix ho- ‘buttocks’ and a direct causative suffix -V, lit. ‘pull the buttocks’, which became strongly lexicalized.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(134)
Matne ekaci hoyupu kusu cinukar kusu payeas.
mat-ne
woman-COP
ekaci
child
hoyupu
run.SG
kusu
because
ci=nukar
1PL.EXC.A=see
kusu
in.order
paye=as
go.PL=1PL.EXC.S
‘It was the girls' running contest (lit. 'since girls ran'), so we went to watch it.’
(136)
Cikoykip uhoyuppare uterkere siri annukar.
ci-koyki-p
1PL.EXC.A-catch-NR
u-hoyuppa-re
REC-run.PL-CAUS
u-terke-re
REC-jump-CAUS
siri
VIS.EV
an=nukar
IND.A=see
‘I saw wild beasts running and jumping around.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# RUN Coding set Argument type
1 runner subj.V S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(135)
‘I ran over tree tops of low trees.’
(137)
‘It felt as if someone grabbed me and then ran to the mountains, holding me.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
y
C
y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y