os ek (SG) / arki (PL)

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os ek/arki [behind go.SG/go.PL] is a collocation of an adverb and intransitive verb which is used to express the meaning 'follow sb'. In Ainu, some advebs may take O markers and os 'behind' is one of them. In this case, it is the person and number of a participant followed that is indexed on os 'behind'. FOLLOW =lit. 'behind sb (adv) go(vi)'

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(111)
Enos ek kor an.
en=os
1SG.O=behind
ek
come.SG
kor
and
an
exist.SG
‘He/She is following me.’
(112)
Nen kane eos nen ka arki yak wen kusu...
nen
who
ka
even
ne
COP
e=os
2SG.O=behind
nen
who
ka
even
arki
come.PL
yak
if
wen
bad
kusu
because
‘In any way, no one must follow you, so...’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FOLLOW Coding set Argument type
1 follower subj.V A
2 followee obj.V P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y