sitoma

show comment

transitive verb

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(95)
Tane kimun kamuy ka isitoma.
tane
now
kim-un
mountain-belong.to
kamuy
god
ka
also
i=sitoma
IND.O=fear
‘That bear is afraid of me as well.’
(97)
Wen kamuy ne wa ausitomare kor siran pe ne a p.
wen
be.bad
kamuy
god
ne
COP
wa
and
a=u-sitoma-re
IND.A=REC-fear-CAUS
kor
and
sir-an
ground/world-exist.SG
pe
NR
ne
COP
a
PERF.SG
p
NR
‘It is an evil god, so we are altogether afraid of him.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEAR Coding set Argument type
1 fearer subj.V A
2 fear stimulus obj.V P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(96)
‘All the Ainu are afraid of (smallpox from a smallpox god).’
C
R y
(98)
‘I felt even more ashamed because they bullied me that I was the descendant of a poor/bad person / lit. bullied that she is the descendant of a poor/bad person.’
C
N y
C
R y
(342)
‘I was scared, so (I stayed far away.)’
C
y
C
y
C
N y
C
y
C
y
C
R y
(254)
‘Make sb. fear sth./sb.’
(255)
‘Oh my gosh! How suprising!’