ye

show comment

ye 'i. say to sb; ii. say sth' (vt).
The coding frame suggested for this predicate is monoclausal, but it should be noted that the role frame "A says ..."(to X)" is more likely to be encoded with a multiclausal coding frame in which the Recipient is encoded as object and Content of utterance is encoded in a different (adverbial) clause linked to SAY by an adverbial conjunction
sekor <QUOT>: "..." QUOT A-nom R-acc subj[A].obj[R].V.
"A names X (a) Y" = lit. 'A says/calls X as Y'. 'as' is encoded either an oblique marked with a mutative postposition
ne or as a separate adverbial clause marked with sekor <QUOT> conjunction.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(70)
Anan hi, nea pon menoko, ahokuhu eun ye noyne.
an=an
exist.SG=IND.S
hi
NR
nea
that
pon
young
menoko
woman
a=hoku-hu
IND.A=husband-POSS
eun
DAT
ye
say
noyne
seem
‘It seemed that that young woman said to my husband that I was (there).’
(155)
Orano akor son utar ona ne ye pa kor.
orano
then
a=kor
IND.A=have
son
child
utar
PL
ona
father
ne
MUT
ye
say
pa
PL
kor
and
‘(He came in and sat down). Calling (him) “Father”, (my children jumped all over him).’
(156)
Ene “wenkur okkaypo” sekor aiye p ne a korka.
ene
like.this
wen-kur
be.bad-man
okkay-po
man-DIM
sekor
QUOT
a=i=ye
IND.A=IND.O=say
p
NR
ne
COP
a
PERF.SG
korka
but
‘Once they called me a “young poor man”.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# NAME SAY Coding set Argument type
1 namer sayer subj.V A
2 namee saying addressee NP+(e)un X
3 name said content obj.V P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(71)
‘They quarreled with each other.’
C
N y
C
R y
(215)
‘(For many people) to say things together / they said things (together).’
C
y
C
y
C
N y
C
N y
C
y
C
R y
C
N y