nukar-e

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Causative nukar-e ‘show sth to sb’ (lit. ‘make/let sb see sth/sb’ ) (vd) < nukar ‘see sth/sb’ (vt). Cf. the base construction in (ex. 86) and (ex. 249).

See: Tamura, Suzuko. (1988) 2000.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(39)
Mokor uske ecinukare kusne na.
mokor
sleep
usi-ke
place-POSS
eci=nukar-e
1SG.A+2SG.O=see-CAUS
kusu-ne
going.to-COP
na
FIN
‘I will show you the bed.’
(40)
Apoutari aacautari anukare somo ki yak wen kusu ...
a=po-utar-i
IND.A=child-PL-POSS
a=aca-utar-i
IND.A=uncle-PL-POSS
a=nukar-e
IND.A=see-CAUS
somo
NEG
ki
do.AUX
yak
if
wen
be.bad
kusu
because
‘We had to show our children to uncles, so...’
(41)
Kamuy ka neno ainukare, eani ka neno ainukare ruwe ne na.
kamuy
god
ka
also
ne-no
COP-ADV
a=i=nukar-e
IND.A=IND.O=see-CAUS
eani
2SG
ka
also
ne-no
COP-ADV
a=i=nukar-e
IND.A=IND.O=see-CAUS
ruwe
INF.EV
ne
COP
na
FIN
‘(I did not swallow snakes.) I have just shown myself like this to the gods, I have shown myself like this to you.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SHOW Coding set Argument type
1 shower subj.V A
2 showing addressee obj.V P
3 shown thing Ø X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(42)
‘Anna and granny showed each other their headbands.’
C
M y
(43)
‘Don't show me to him (lit. Don't let him see my appearance!)!’
C
R Prefix si-. Reflexive-causative (also used as an anticausative marker). Valency-reducing. Object-deleting. y
(44)
‘In March, the shell fish wanted to show itself to the wild goose and got fat.’
(45)
‘Have you shown your nude body (lit. yourself) to the human god Okikurmi?’
C
y
C
y
C
N y
C
N y
C
y
C
N y
C
N y