e-yapkir

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Applicative e-yapkir [APPL-throw] 'throw sth/sb' (vt) < yapkir 'throw' (vi).
Cf. Base construction: 1-nom > 2+inst > subj[1].V (ex. 242)
Cf. Dative applicative
ko- construction: 1-nom > 3-acc > 2+inst > subj[1].obj[3].V (ex. 243)

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(17)
Panampe tane sioka un kunne katak eyapkir kusne.
Panampe
Panampe
tane
now
si-oka
REFL-behind
un
ALL
kunne
black
ka-tak
string-ball
e-yapkir
APPL.INS-throw
kus-ne
going.to-COP
‘Panampe was going to throw the ball of black string behind himself.’
(242)
Teeta wenkur tane nispa nep poutari suma ari nihum ari yapkir.
teeta
old.times
wen-kur
be.bad-man
tane
now
nispa
rich.man
nep
what
po-utar-i
child-PL-POSS
suma
stone
ari
INST
nihum
piece.of.wood
ari
INST
yapkir
throw
‘The children of the people who were poor in the past but are rich now were throwing stones and pieces of wood.’
(243)
Penampe…ne posta utar suma ari nihum ari koyapkir.
Penampe
Penampe
ne
this
posta
little.dog
utar
PL
suma
stone
ari
INST
nihum
piece.of.wood
ari
INST
ko-yapkir
APPL.DAT-throw
‘Penampe threw stones and pieces of wood at these little dogs.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# THROW Coding set Argument type
1 thrower subj.V A
2 thrown thing obj.V P
3 throwing goal LOC L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(16)
‘I took out my fish net and threw it to the lake.’
C
y
C
y
C
N y
C
N y
C
y
C
N y
C
R y
C
N y
(18)
‘I made a big boat and threw myself to the middle of the boat.’
C
N y