an-u (SG) / ari (PL)

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In the case of transitve verbs, plural normally refers either to the number of P or to the number of patientive A referents; in the case of intransitive verbs plural always refers to S.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(12)
Orano akor ekasi anak aoypepi sirka ta anu.
ora-no
then-ADV
a=kor
IND.A=have
ekasi
grandfather
anak
TOP
aoypepi
dish
sir-ka
ground/world-top
ta
LOC
an-u
exist.SG-CAUS
‘Grandfather put the dish down on the ground.’
(13)
Nea asikehe ape etok un anu. Oharkiso un aan.
nea
that
a=sike-he
IND.A=luggage-POSS
ape
fire
etok
front
un
ALL
an-u
exist.SG-CAUS
oharkiso
the.seat.to.the.left(south).of.the.hearth
un
ALL
a=an
sit.SG=IND.S
‘(The woman) placed my luggage at the upper seat of honor, and I sat at the lower seat of honor.’
(14)
Orowa mi pa p opitta akoanu hine.
or-o-wa
place-POSS-ABL
mi
wear
pa
PL
p
NR
opitta
all
a=ko-an-u
IND.A=APPL.DAT-exist.SG-CAUS
hine
and
‘I took off all her clothing (from her).’
(15)
Sinnaycise eanu.
sinnay-cise
different-house
e-an-u
APPL.INS-exist.SG-CAUS
‘Put to a different house / He/she put him/her to a different house.’
(338)
Ami hayokpe opitta ayaykoanu wa.
a=mi
IND.A=wear
hayokpe
armour
opitta
all
a=yay-ko-anu
IND.A=REFL-APPL-put.SG
wa
and
‘I took off from myself all the armor I was wearing.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# PUT Coding set Argument type
1 putter subj.V A
2 put thing obj.V P
3 putting goal LOC L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(284)
‘All of this woman's clothes were taken off ('all clothes were put (aside) from this woman').’
C
y
C
R y
(285)
‘We put a sake bottle on top of treasures.’
C
N y
C
y
C
N y
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
N y