oma-re (SG) / o (PL)

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The singular form of this verb is a direct causative:
oma-re <put.SG-CAUS> PUT/LOAD.
The verb
o ‘put/place sth (PL) on sth’ is the only non-derived three-argument verb in Ainu. It also has a monotransitive counterpart o ‘be at some place, get on sth’ (vt), as in ex. 238, so strictly speaking, the ditransitive o ‘put/place sth on sth’ (vd) may be regarded as a zero-derived causative which is, however, used for direct causation only. There is an indirect causative derived with the suffix -e/-te/-re: o-re ‘put/place sb (PL) on sth’ (vd), see (ex. 239).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(4)
Nea cep cip or ao.
nea
that
cep
fish
cip
boat
or
place
a=o
IND.A=put
‘She put the fish into the boat (and stood on the bow of the boat).’
(287)
Wakkataan wa su or wakka aomare.
wakka-ta=an
water-dig=IND.S
wa
and
su
pot
or
place
wakka
water
a=oma-re
IND.A=enter.SG-CAUS
‘I drew some water and put it in a pot.’
(238)
Neyta ne yakka pirka uske ao ro.
neyta
where
ne
COP
yak-ka
if-even
pirka
be.good
us-ke
place-POSS
a=o
IND.A=get.on
ro
COHR
‘(Once I bought the tickets,) we can get on anywhere.’
(239)
Sekor asa hawean hine cip iore hine.
sekor
QUOT
a=sa
IND.A=older.sister
hawean
say.SG
hine
and
cip
boat
i=o-re
IND.O=put-CAUS
hine
and
‘Older sister said as she put me in the boat.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# LOAD PUT Coding set Argument type
1 loader putter subj.V A
2 loaded thing put thing obj.V P
3 loading place putting goal Ø X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(286)
‘Pour alcohol.’
C
y
C
N y
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
N y
C
y